Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System
Name of QuestionnaireCancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System (CARES)
DescriptionCancer-specific quality of life instrument. Patients rate cancer-related problems encountered on a daily basis. Clinical and research versions. A shortened version of the instrument (CARES-Short Form) has also been developed.
Developer(s)CARES Consultants: A Coscarelli, RL Heinrich, PA Ganz, RL Aadland
2210 Wilshire Blvd
Santa Monica, California 90403
Cost & availabilityAvailable for purchase at above address
Time to completeAverage: 20 minutes (range: 10 to 34 minutes)
Number of items139 (88 for all patients, 51 for patients in specific situations)
Domains & categories (#)5 summary scales for broader scoring, 31 subscales for detailed scoring
Name of categories/domainsFor broader scoring: physical, psychosocial, marital, medical interaction, sexual
Scaling of itemsFive-point severity rating scale: 0 is "Not At All" (no problem), 4 is "Very Much" (severe problem).
ScoringDetailed, broad, and/or overall scale score
ValidityReported to be comprehensive and shown to include problems experienced by cancer patients1 2. Reported to measure what it purports to measure3. Correlated as expected with Symptom Checklist-90, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, Karnofsky Performance Status, a visual analog scale, and Functional Living Index â€“ Cancer1 2.
ResponsivenessReported in breast cancer patients4
Minimally important differenceNot determined
Research UseReported â€“ functional status in women with lung cancer (used only physical function subscale of CARES-SF)5, quality of life in cancer survivors6.
Clinical UseNot reported. However, a clinical version of the instrument that allows respondents to indicate "Yes" or "No" for whether they would like help with each problem is available.
Language(s)Original: English (US)
CommentsDuring the early phases of its development, CARES was called the Cancer Inventory of Problem Situations (CIPS)1 3.
Date of informationJuly 2000