Cantril's Self-Anchoring Ladder
Name of QuestionnaireCantril's Self-Anchoring Ladder
DescriptionA measurement technique that asks people to rate their present, past, and anticipated future satisfaction with life on a scale anchored by their own identified values.
Cost & availabilityNo cost
Time to complete5 minutes
Number of itemsOne "ladder" for each question of interest. For example, subjects could be asked to rate life quality now, how it was one year ago, and how it is anticipated to be one year in the future. Each would be rated on a seperate ladder.
Domains & categories (#)1
Name of categories/domainsOverall life satisfaction
Scaling of itemsA ladder with steps numbered 0 through 10. Each subject defines the extremes for him/herself. In the case of life satisfaction or life quality, the subject is asked to describe the best possible life quality s/he can imagine for the top of the ladder, and the worst possible life quality imaginable for the zero point on the ladder.
ScoringSingle scale score for each ladder/question.
ValidityContent validity is determined each time someone uses the technique by how they decide what questions to ask. Construct validity demonstrated through correlations with the Functional Performance Inventory and with FPI spiritual activities and social activities subscales1.
Research UseOutcome variable in test of a theoretical model of life satisfaction in COPD and coronary artery disease1. Used to test construct validity of the Functional Performance Inventory.
Clinical UseNot reported.
Translations: Danish, Finnish, French, Dutch, Italian, Portugese, Swedish, Thai
Date of information